“We always think of the imagination as the faculty that forms images. On the contrary, it is a faculty that deforms the images that we perceive; it is, above all, the faculty that frees us from immediate images and changes them. If there is no change, or unexpected fusion of images, there is no imagination; there is no imaginative process. If the image that is present does not make us think of one that is absent, if an image does not determine an abundance—an explosion— of atypical images, then there is no imagination.”
—Gaston Bachelard, Air and Dreams: An Essay on the Imagination of Movement, 1943.
August Strindberg’s Celestographs
National Library of Sweden
Strindberg distrusted lenses and thought they gave a distorted rendering of reality. The celestographs were therefore an attempt to produce a more objective view of stars and planets. He sent the prints to the French Astronomical Society, where they were discussed.
Aspect of a wasp, the extremity of whose primary wings has been gilded. The animal is supposed to be placed in a ray of light
Etienne-Jules Marey, The movements of the wings of insects
Annual Report of the aeronautical society, 1872,7, p. 30
image: E. Valton,View of a captive flying wasp (based on an experiment by Marey), 3 graphs glued to Bristol paper, gouache on paper, ink
Wasps on Flickr.
Born in Petershagen bei Minden, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst (1743-1807) was best known for joining Carl Gustav Jablonsky in the Sisyphean effort to produce a comprehensive survey of the Order Coleoptera (beetles), an enormous task that resulted in the massive, but still incomplete Naturgeschichte der in-und ausländischen Insekten, 10 vols. (1785-1806).
An energetic and prolific author of essential works in entomology, his smaller Kurze Einleitung (a mere three volumes) attempts to survey the major taxa of what is now considered the phyllum arthropoda, including insects, spiders, crabs, and scorpions. The illustrations are by D. F. Sotzmann.
Airplane Photography, Herbert E. Ives, 1920